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Spinal Cord Injury: Know your Spine!

Spinal cord injuries are becoming very prevalent with nearly 10-15000 reported cases, each year in a developed country. These injuries are basically associated with the accidental trauma, damaging structural as well as functional integrity of the spine; leaving behind a crippled patient and his family along with their struggle to cope up with the catastrophe. Although, in order to be familiar with possible availability of treatment options, one has to be aware of the basic spinal cord anatomy; in this regard the current write up will help you to understand your spine.

The spinal cord is made up of millions of nerves that have been wrapped through a myelin sheath and are packed inside the secure covering of 31 butterfly shaped vertebrae. Anatomically the structure is being divided into four distinct regions depending upon their functional attributions. Exact location of the region of injury is the key to find diagnostic aid as well as effective treatment support. Accordingly the spinal cord regions are categorized as:

Cervical Spinal Cord

The top most portion of the spine has been named as the cervical spinal cord and is primarily responsible for connecting the central nervous system with rest of the organs of the body. The eight vertebrae section performs many crucial functions, such as housing the important messages from brain to rest of the body through important blood brain barrier, protecting the bundle of nerves, supporting and adding flexibility to the head, ensuring proper flow to the brain, etc. Number of vertebrae associated with the region is been identified as C1-C8.

Thoracic Spinal Cord

The section refers to the middle section of the vertebrae, numbered from T1-T12. It mainly supports the back side of the chest and is primarily structured for the stability. This part of the spinal cord plays an important role in holding the body in an upright position; and hence provides protection to the critical organs of the body. The said intricate structure of the spine; enclosing nerves, connecting tissues and other crucial segments is a primary source of pain.

Lumbar Spinal Cord

The lower region of the spinal cord, associated with its inward curve towards the abdomen is referred to as a lumbar spinal cord. It is comprised of five vertebrae that have been numbered from L1-L5. Being at the lower extremities, the segment of the spine is specifically used for strength as well as flexibility. It is generally connected with sacrum at the Lumbosacral joints (L5-S1), is used for considerable rotation allowing easy coordination between pelvis and hips, while walking or running.

Thus, by pinpointing  the exact location of the injury; one can help in accurate prognosis. Although, injuries can be of any type; the most common amongst them are:

Quadriplegia

Quadriplegia usually results as a result of injury to the cervical spine, causing paralysis of all the limbs and hence are identified to be the most severe. These kinds of injuries eliminate an ability to undergo any kind of movement, adding up complete dependency to the individual’s life.

Paraplegia

The type of injury is associated with thoracic spine, involving loss of movement as well as sensation from the lower half of the body; including legs, hips, etc.

Apparently injuries below the lumbar spinal cord can typically be associated with loss of sensation in lower half of the body.

Thus, at present steroidal drugs as well as other rehabilitative approach can only be extended as a treatment to the spinal cord injuries. Contrary to which, alternative medicine like stem cells therapy has been observed to have a better beneficial impact on treatment outcome. Worldwide clinical studies have confirmed the safety as well as clinical efficacy of the sem cells and hence can be thought as a viable alternative to conventional medicine.

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Osteoarthritis & Increasing Access to Non Surgical Treatments

knee osteoarthritis, degradation of joints, knee replacement alternative

Worldwide many people are seeking treatments, in order to get symptomatic relief from pain and functional dependency, associated with their hip and knee osteoarthritis. Apparently, osteoarthritis is one of the most prevalent forms of arthritis, which is affecting more than 30-45 million people in developed countries and is characterized by breakdown of cartilages, pain and inflammation.

Although, osteoarthritis cannot be cured with conventional medical treatment; number of ways have been outlined to control symptoms associated with the condition, such as chronic pain, restriction of movement, stiffness, etc. Thus, accordingly by just incorporating key alternative therapies, mentioned below in your day to day lifestyle, it is now possible to cope up with osteoarthritis.

Weight Management

A Lot of studies have been conducted to confirm that people with arthritis can improve their functional quality of life by losing weight. Since arthritis and joint pain are strongly associated with increased burden on weight bearing joints; it is very crucial to reduce weight in order to decrease pressure on the weight bearing joints, which ultimately lead to reduced friction, decreased joint pain and decreased inflammation.

Exercise

Number of studies has confirmed that regular exercise is the key to avoid many health related issue in a person’s life. Thus, a planned work out can have an influential impact on reducing the functional disability and joint pain associated with arthritis. Accordingly, experts suggest that both range of motion as well as stretching exercises will be beneficial in reducing stiffness associated with joints, decreasing joint pain and improving practical ability to perform day to day activities.

Diet

Maintaining a healthy diet that is free from inflammatory foods such as gluten, dairy, sugar, tomatoes, potatoes, etc. can avoid inflammation and joint pain. Similarly, incorporation of anti-inflammatory food components, like cold water fish, omega 3 fatty acids, spicy food, etc; can provide relief from joint inflammation and swelling. In general, a thumb rule is to reduce portions with excess sugar but to consume lot of proteins and simple carbohydrates; to access maximum nutritional benefits.
Thus, by giving preference to balanced and nutritious diet; one can improve blood sugar level to facilitate proper circulation and hence initiate healing mechanism of the body.

Oral Supplements

For bearable to extreme joint pain and inflammation, some oral supplements such as non steroidal drugs can be prescribed in order to decrease sleep disturbances, ease out pain and reduce fatigue. However, it has to be noted that long term use of these drugs can be harmful in triggering other complications and hence should be consumed in case of emergency as prescribed by the treating physician.

Other Alternatives

Apart from the one listed above, other alternative treatment regimen can be applied to minimize pain and inflammation, and they can be:
• Hot and cold compresses
• Braces, inserts, supports, splints and physical exercises
• Acupuncture, as a natural way to improve circulation and reduce inflammation.
• Aromatherapy with lavender oil, castor oil, etc. along with Epsom salt is another natural way to get quick relief from joint pain.

However, it is always advisable to be in touch with an expert orthopedic for the right combination of treatments. Apparently with the scientific advancements and technological modifications, newer and better treatment modalities are being invented such as stem cells therapy.

Stem cells therapies have been identified to be having great potential in treating degenerative diseases, such as arthritis. Accordingly, lot of clinical studies have been registered and successfully completed with promising results, regarding stem cells’ capacity to stop/reduce the inflammation, reduce disease progression and achieve long term relief from chronic pain, stiffness and inflammation.

Thus, continuous research and in depth analysis of clinical evidences can possibly bring new advances and cure with stem cells therapy, for the Stem Cell Treatment For Osteoarthritis.

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Risk Factors And Symptoms Of OA

Are you overweight or above 40 years of age and have pain in the knee?

Are you a sportsman with any injury of joints?

Do you have history of Osteoarthritis in the family?

If you answer ‘YES’ to any of the questions you need to get evaluated for osteoarthritis

Common Symptoms

  1. Strong Pain especially when moving the knee or while doing day to day activities
  2. Stiffness in the joints which increases after a nap or overnight sleep
  3. Crunching or grinding sensation in the joints during movement
  4. Swelling in or around the joints
  5. Muscle weakness around the joint
  6. Instability of the joint especially of weight bearing joint such as the knee.
  7. Restriction of joint movements
  8. In case on knee osteoarthritis, legs may become bent or bowed
  9. Change in pain severity during damp or cold weather with worsening of stiffness.

oa-risk-factors

Osteoarthritis is a progressive condition of the joints caused by gradual loss of articular cartilage. Eight million people develop osteoarthritis globally and it is considered that there is no effective drug therapy or treatment available to either prevent or slow down the progression. The people with OA generally have osteochondral defects in their articular cartilage making treatment challenging.

osteoarthritis-risk

Diagrammatic Representation of Risk Factors in Osteoarthritis

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have shown promising results in the treatment of OA. Many clinical trials are in progress to study the effectiveness of stem cells stimulated with platelet rich plasma (PRP) in cartilage regeneration, degeneration of which is the hallmark of OA. MSC’s have been proven to have anti inflammatory and regenerative capacities as well as stimulate blood vessel formation and tissue repair.

We at Elixcell offer an innovative scientific treatment for people suffering from OA or any sports injury of the knee and other joints. The benefits of treatment include pain relief, improvement in quality of life and prevention of knee/ hip replacement. Please call us for details on OA and treatment. Our doctors will assist you with free consultation.

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FRUITS AND VEGETABLES TO EAT TO COMBAT OA PAIN

oa-rich-diet

Diet rich in fruits and vegetables that contain antioxidants have the property to negate inflammation consequences that usually makes you feel appalling and restricts your daily activities. The vitamins present in these dietary nutrients have been studied and its relationship to Osteoarthritis of the knee is well documented.

Almonds:

Almonds are one of the highest sources of Vitamin E. According to the study published in the year 2009 on 42 people who underwent knee surgery out of which 32 with stage 4 OA and 10 patients with injuries not associated with arthritis, it is revealed that people who consumed Vitamin E through Almonds had good effects since Almonds is tend to ameliorate the patient’s knee with OA by producing free radicals and acts as an antioxidant reserve.

Orange:

Vitamin C is an essential nutrient required by the body daily. Oranges are one of the most common and best sources of Vitamin C. Based on a study published in Arthritis Research and Therapy , Knee MRIs performed 10 years apart for  293 healthy middle aged adults showed people whose Vitamin C Intake is less has more changes with respect to their leg Bones as compared to ones who were consuming food rich in Vitamin C on a daily dietary basis . Vitamin C is considered as the precursor to the cartilage loss that marks OA of the knees.

Salmon / Break Fast Cereal :

Several diseases and health problem are symptoms of poor supply of Vitamin D in the body. The most familiar of them is soft bone disorders which also lead to OA of the Knees.  Salomon / Breakfast Cereals are  one of the richest sources of Vitamin D other than Milk. Vitamin D has the property to maintain strong bones and regulate the immune activity and also helps in reducing inflammation in the knees. As per research conducted and duly published by Arthritis and Rheumatism, 2009 reveals that higher Vitamin D levels may help in less cartilage loss in the knee over a three year period.

Spinach:

Most of us relate Spinach with a healthy vegetable which is rich in iron but besides that Spinach are excellent source of vitamin K. Vitamin K contributes to reducing the risk of OA in knee. It has been found that people whose Vitamin K levels are less have far greater chance of getting affected by osteoarthritis , as per study published in 2009 by Orthopedic Science.

In case you are still wondering how to tackle the day to day pain without daily medications or physiotherapy, steroids etc. We suggest why don’t you connect us and understand the comprehensive and innovative therapy. we at Elixcell are providing to people who have come to us with similar problems and are now leading a happy and pain free.

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Treatments Avialable For Osteoarthritis And Its Scientific Evidence

osteoarthritis-treatment

Since Osteoarthritis is such a common problem, the number of treatments available in various modes for knee osteoarthritis to avoid total knee replacement is increasing in numbers day by day and scientific groups across the world are finding the evidences behind all the treatments and its efficacy in patients who undergo the treatments to pacify their pain and stiffness in their knees.

In this riveting blog, we will study the common scientific evidences available for the treatments of osteoarthritis to avoid total knee replacement as issued by The American Academy of Orthopedic surgeons (AAOS)

  1. Exercises:

It is a scientifically proven that doing exercises will help the patient’s knees and it also strongly shown to reduce the pain, inflammation and stiffness in joints.

  1. Weight Loss:

Obesity is the major factor for the cartilage damage and Knee OA. Since obesity limits the person’s ability to do his/her daily activities thereby resulting in pain, inflammation, weakness of muscle around the joints and results in stiffness.  Evidences suggest that weight loss will help in the management of OA.

  1. Physical Agents (Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation) :

It is reported that physical agents and efficacy response was mixed because of contradictions in findings in very larger groups. According to AAOS effectiveness of physical agents and combination is very inconclusive due to lack of compelling evidence. Study result showed no significant effects on pain, physical mobility or ambulation time at 4, or 12 or 26 weeks.

  1. Hyaluronic Acid Injections:

OA patient usually lack a critical substance in their synovial fluid called Hyaluronic acid. Hyaluronic acid breaks down in the synovial fluids and loss contributes to the joint pain and stiffness. According to AAOS hyaluronic acid injections are not recommended strongly since pain score, functions, stiffness sub-scales never really improved after injections.

  1. Acupuncture:

According to American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) Acupuncture is strongly not recommended for patients with symptomatic OA of the knee. The strong denial was based on lack of efficacy and not any potential harm.

6. NSAIDS:

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are usually used to relieve some symptoms. However It is to be strongly noted that these drugs can’t cure OA and they will help you in getting relieved from pain only as long as one continues to take them.

7. Arthroscopy with Lavage and Debridement:

It is stated that the clinical benefit of arthroscopy is very limited and it is not effective in patients with symptomatic OA of the knee. Infections, venous thrombosis are usually associated with arthroscopy.

We at Elixcell offer a comprehensive scientific treatment for people suffering from Osteoarthritis/ Sports Injury, Knee Joint Pain. We have treated patients including key celebrities, athletes with OA of the knee and hip with no adverse effects. To know more about the treatment of OA, Kindly call us to get your queries answered.

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Optic Nerve Atrophy: The Symptoms

Optic Nerve Atrophy: The Symptoms

Optic Nerve Atrophy, also known as optic neuropathy, is a common form of neurodegenerative disorder. Optic nerves are the important connecting link between eye and the brain; which is associated with overall visual performance.

The human eye, is nothing but an orbit of the bony cavity, that contains muscles, nerves, blood vessels as well as some important structures that produce and drain tears and the eye ball,. All the cellular structures are networked with each other with the help of nerves; which have come together towards the small circular area of the retina, known as the optic disc. The most sensitive part of the retina is known to be “Macula”; which is made up of millions of light sensitive cells termed as “Rods” and “Cones”. Cones are mainly responsible for detailed, acute, central vision as well as colour perception; whereas rods are responsible for peripheral and night vision.

Information, regarding the object is passed on to the brain, in the form of nerve signals from each eye, through optic nerve and other nerve fibers; where the vision is anticipated and interpreted. When there is steady degeneration of optic nerve as an end result of some of the diseased conditions; it can give rise to Optic Nerve Atrophy.

Symptoms of the Atrophy

Symptoms associated with optic atrophy are variable, on the basis of its general classification; based on some of the parameters such as morphology and pathogenesis. However, some of the common symptoms, associated with change in visual performances of an individual are:

  • Blurry vision
  • Difficulty in discrimination between colorful objects
  • Reduced visual acuity and side vision
  • Decreased brightness in one eye relative to the other

Further to these commonly expressed symptoms; some of the other symptoms, associated with specific conditions, can be explained on the basis of further classification of the atrophy.

With the help of ophthalmoscopic observation; optic atrophy can be classified as Primary Atrophy, Secondary Atrophy and Glaucomatous Atrophy of the optic nerve.

Primary Atrophy of the Optic Nerve: –

Primary Atrophy can be further subcategorized as:

  • Ascending Atrophy; which is associated with ischemic occlusion of the central part of the retina. Some of the symptoms associated with the condition, can be listed out as; transient visual loss, temporal pain, pain in the jaw or ears, fatigue, sudden weight loss and unexplained muscular pain.
  • Descending Atrophy; is associated with optic nerve compression due to hydrocephalous, traumatic fracture, hematoma formation, in surrounding area like optic sheath and/or inflammatory compression due to arachnoiditis or syphilis. The clinical hallmarks of compressive descending optic neuropathy include slow, progressive visual loss, inability to differentiate colored vision, afferent papillary defect, visual field defect as well as edema or inflammation. There can as well be a detection of compressive lesion on the eye surface.
  • Toxic Atrophy takes place due to long term abuse of optic nerve, because of low grade tobacco, alcohol consumption and/or long term exposure to harmful chemicals, etc. The vision loss associated with toxic atrophy is bilateral, symmetric and/or progressive degeneration of optic nerve. The symptoms associated with the clinical condition can often be described as reduced brightness of a particular color, generally red; or in general loss of color perception. Some people can as well notice, progressive decline of visual acuity. Upon physical observation, some pupils usually reflect normal response to light as well as visual stimulus. There can as well be rare observation of optic disc hemorrhages, leading to the continuous damage of optic nerve.
  • Congenital or Hereditary Atrophy; is often a result of infantile hereditary defect. The affected eye can display swollen appearance of the nerve fibers; upon fundus examination papillary defect may be visible.

Secondary Atrophy of the Optic Nerve: –

It is often associated with some primary disease conditions such as papilledema, papillitis, , etc. The main symptoms associated with clinical conditions are progressive visual damage, difficulty in colored objects discrimination, reduced peripheral vision, etc.

Glaucomatous Atrophy of the Optic Nerve: –

It is the most commonly occurring optic nerve atrophy, encountered in clinical practice; characteristically associated with increase in intraocular pressure causing gradual loss of vision. Glaucomatous optic nerve damage without elevation of intraocular pressure is sometimes referred to as “low tension glaucoma” or “normal pressure glaucoma.”.

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Optic Nerve Atrophy: A Detailed Pathophysiology!

Optic Nerve Atrophy: A Detailed Pathophysiology!

Optic Nerve Atrophy (ONA) is mild to severe damage to the optic nerve resulting in loss of some or most of the nerve fibers. This progressive degeneration is in turn associated with variable degree of visual dysfunction.

Optic nerve also known as the second cranial nerve, is a bundle of millions of nerve fibers, conveying the visual information, from retina of the eye to the specific optic centers of the brain. When some of these nerve fibers are severely damaged due to diseased condition; the passage of information from eye to the brain and vice versa is blocked, this in turn can reduce person’s visual acuity. If ignored for a long term; it leads to the permanent blindness.

Thus, optic atrophy itself is not a disease, but an end result of the destruction to the optic nerve, due to several diseased conditions; which may also be progressive, depending upon its Pathophysiology. Common symptoms associated with optic atrophy include visual loss, reduced ability to distinguish colors, blurring of vision , double vision , etc. Clinically pallor of the optic disc/nerve, abnormal reaction of the pupil to light along with reduced visual acuity firmly establishes the diagnosis.With conventional treatment approach, medical fraternity is unable to restore the lost function of an atrophic optic nerve; however the primary focus would always be to pinpoint the possible cause of damage and to stabilize further progression.

Although there are diverse causes ranging from trauma to hereditary causes, that can cause injury to the optic nerve; by far some of the most common causes are Ischemic Optic Neuropathy, Optic Neuritis and Glaucoma.

Ischemic Optic Neuropathy

It is the most common cause of acute optic neuropathy, especially in older adults above 50. Also It is often referred to as the stroke of the optic nerve, occurring due to reduced or blocked blood circulation to the vessels supplying the front or the anterior side of the optic nerve (Anterior optic nerve atrophy or AION).There are two different mechanisms responsible for causing the vision loss from AION, the “arteritic”  and the ‘non arteritic forms.

The “arteritic” form caused by a disease called Giant Cell Arteritis (GCA) predominantly affects those over the age of 55 and it is estimated that women are three times more vulnerable to the condition, than men. In about 80 % of the reported cases, patients exhibit symptoms such as general fatigue, weight loss, fever, pain in neck, difficulty in chewing, headache, anemia and achy joints; which can proceed towards the blurry vision or total vision loss.

The “Non-Arteritic” form is the most common form of AION with a better visual outcome than the arteritic form. It generally affects a patient at any age with about 10% of patients being under the age of 45. Both males and females have equal predilection. It is caused by an acute impairment to the circulation of the arteries supplying the optic nerve due to a temporary fall in blood pressure. Some of the common diseases which can put a patient at higher risk for ‘Non arteritic’ form are Diabetes mellitus, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Herpes Zoster, Anemia, Sickle Cell Trait, Syphilis, and Polyarteritis nodosa.

Optic Neuritis

Optic neuritis is an inflammation of the optic nerve, as a result of damage to its myelin sheath; causing it to pain and leading to the temporary visual loss. The condition often precedes the onset of neurodegenerative autoimmune diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, neuromyelitis optica.

A gradual restoration of vision, back to normal is a characteristic of optic neuritis; althoughvision loss is permanent in some cases., with color vision and high sensitivity to contrast and brightness. Some of the common symptoms of optic neuritis include pain, temporary vision loss in one or both the eyes, loss of ability to discriminate colors, etc. Some people with optic neuritis report seeing flashes or flickers of lights.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a condition associated with gradually progressive optic nerve damage. It usually occurs due to increased pressure as a result of fluid accumulation on the front walls of the eye. The studies have indicated that eye pressure is the primary factor for glaucoma and eventually optic nerve damage. According to the recent survey, Glaucoma is the second leading cause of visual damage in the developed countries. As there are no significantly reported early symptoms for glaucoma; more than 60% of cases go unnoticed in their initial stages.

Apart from these common causes, other less noted causes are, inherent underdevelopment of the optic nerve affecting children and young adults; diseased conditions such as brain tumor, cranial arteritis, pituitary gland tumors and swelling of the blood vessels known as cerebral aneurysm can as well pressurize optic nerve; leading to its damage.

Other direct reasons that are responsible for optic nerve damage are trauma, shock, long term exposure to radiations, etc.

Conclusively it has been widely accepted that Optic Nerve Atrophy is relatively very easy to diagnose; but the cause for the same is quite difficult to ascertain. It is thus very important to keep a check on some of the related symptoms and physical presentations for patients complaining sudden visual issues.

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Autism Treatment

Autism Treatment

autism treatment

What is Autism Spectrum Disorder?

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and autism are commonly used terms for a group of Neuro-development disorder (related to brain development). These disorders are associated with various characteristics as social interaction and repetitive behavior. As per various studies, autism appears to have its roots in very early brain development and obvious signs of autism tend to emerge between 2 and 3 years of age.

Globally, autism is estimated to affect 21.7 million people as of 2013.As of 2010, the number of people affected was estimated at about 1–2 per 1,000 worldwide. It occurs four to five times more often in boys than girls. (http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(15)60692-4/abstract)

Causes of Autism?

There is no one cause of autism just as there is no one type of autism. As per the research in this area most cases of autism, appear to be caused by a combination of autism risk genes and environmental factors influencing early brain development. Environmental factors which have been claimed to contribute to or worsen the autism condition are certain foods, infectious diseases, pesticides, alcohol, smoking, illicit drugs, prenatal stress, air pollution especially heavy metals and particulates. (http://www.niehs.nih.gov/health/topics/conditions/autism/index.cfm)

Autism Early symptoms includes following mentioned pattern or behavior:

  • Unable to engage in everyday social interactions.
  • Verbal and nonverbal communication (do not respond, look or listen to people in their environment).
  • Intellectual disability.
  • Difficulty in motor coordination.
  • Repetitive behaviors.
  • Activities and physical issues as sleep, gastrointestinal disturbances.
  • Little eye contact.
  • Respond unusually when others show anger, distress, or affection.
  • Fail or be slow to respond to their name or other verbal attempts to gain their attention.
  • Fail or be slow to develop gestures, such as pointing and showing things to others.
  • Development of language at a delayed pace.
  • Learn to communicate using pictures or their own sign language.
  • Speak only in single words or repeat certain words or phrases. Unable to combine words into meaningful sentences.
  • Use words that seem out of context for general person but have a special meaning known only to those familiar with the child’s way of communicating.

Stem Cell Treatment:

Stem cell therapy accompanied with other intervention can help in improving the condition of the patient with Autism. Stem cell helps in restoration of nerve cells function and angiogenesis process helps in restoration of blood vessel which in turn helps in supply of oxygen to damaged tissues. Also paracrine activities or growth factors released from stem cells enable cell differentiation and immunomodulation.Due to neural regeneration and better immune responses, stem cells enable cognitive awareness, sensory perception, better language and communication skills, and social/ behavior skills.

Procedure for Treating Autism Using stem Cells:

Procedure for treatment includes Intravenous injection and Lumber puncture. Other intervention depending on the patient’s condition.

Outcome of treatments:

Stem cells can bring in bettercoordination and social behavior in patients undergoing stem cell treatment. These improvementsmay vary from patient to patient and cannot be guaranteed.

  • Standard Documents: Test or doctor’s summary of a brain MRI or CT
  • If Applicable: ADIR, ADOS
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Applications of Stem Cells

Applications of Stem Cell

Treatment using stem cells based preparation, has been continued to be an extremely active area. Scientists believe that it is very important to explore different cell infusion pathways so as to attain maximum benefit from stem cells. From the studies so far, many vistas of adult stem cells based therapies could be identified, some of their applications can be:

Vascular Diseases

Stem cells are known to be the better long term prospects for many cardio-vascular diseases, which are known to be the leading cause of death among global developed populations. In the recent trials, the regeneration of stem cells in the cardiomyocytes has confirmed in the patients, opening doors to the successful treatments. Mesenchymal stem cells isolated from extra embryonic tissues, can be promising candidates due to their large number and easy adaptability in vascular environment to promote faster regeneration.

Neurological Diseases

Stem cells applications have as well shown very encouraging results in neurological diseases. Various studies and clinical trials have confirmed that adult stem cells isolated from various mature tissues, can form a protective environment for motor neuron; linking them up for easy restoration of neural functions. Besides, various other small scale trials have underpinned the fact that these mesenchymal stem cells, isolated from extra embryonic stem cells are pluripotent in nature with the good rate of differentiating them into neuronal origin.

Eye Problems

Currently many people are searching, whether stem cells have applications in eye disorder. Apparently, the degenerative eye conditions cannot be reversed; stem cells treatment for reversing the eye damage or stopping the progression can be indeed an appealing idea. Studies have confirmed their assured potency to differentiate into wide range of cells to repair the eyes. On the contrary, the repair of the cornea through stem cells based therapy is highly successful with many satisfied patients.

Metabolic Disorders

Stem cells have as well proved to be the most trusted options in treating metabolic disorders such as liver problems, diabetes, etc. for which so far no treatment is available that can alter the condition. Since these mesenchymal stem cells are immunomodulators, they have observed to be regulating patient’s immune system to beat the pressure of autoimmunity and immune rejections.

Orthopaedic Problems

Application of stem cells stimulated with patients own platelet rich plasma, has been widely acclaimed treatment in the orthopaedics. Medical fraternity as well showed the wide interest in implementing these treatment options as part of their routine investigations due to their effectiveness, low risk and ease of availability.

Thus, it is very important to increase the awareness regarding stem cells treatments. Many doctors argue that new treatments have to be urgently channelized as rapidly as possible for many devastating conditions.

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Pain and Arthritis

Pain and Arthritis

Almost each one of us might have suffered from pain at one or the other point of time in life and you cannot always ignore it by considering it to be routine. As sometimes, pain can be an indication of underlying diseased condition such as arthritis; which has to be rectified early at its onset. Scientifically, pain can be defined as a defence procedure, structured by human body to inform brain about the damage or injury that has taken place.

Apart from physical sensation, pain can as well increase emotional turbulence, leading to nervousness or depression. Thus chronic pain has direct link up with unusual neuronal damage; which if left untreated, may lead to fatal conditions.

Pain can be due to any condition, such as damage to cartilage as in case of osteoarthritis or chemically activated neuronal inflammation as in case of rheumatoid arthritis. Whatever may be the reason, it has so far proved to be challenging to both doctor as well as patient; to identify the cause and manage symptoms of the pain.
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