The adult stem cells are undifferentiated cells, which are present in different mature organs of the body. They help in replenishing dying cells and regenerating the damaged ones.
In the past decades, several studies have been undertaken in isolating the adult stem cells that can be categorised as:
- Hematopoietic Stem Cells (HSCs; blood related)
- Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs; tissue related)
Popular sources of HSCs are bone marrow, peripheral blood and umbilical cord blood. HSCs are used for treating various blood related disorders such leukemias, thalassemia, sickle cell disease, etc.
Some of the well-known sources of MSCs are bone marrow, fat, dental pulp, and umbilical cord tissue. MSCs have the potential to treat various degenerative disorders including neurological, optic, orthopedic, liver, kidney among others.